EU investment bank aims to stop funding fossil fuel projects
The European Investment Bank is suggesting ending loans to fossil fuel projects by the end of next year, as part of the European Union’s efforts to combat climate change.
In a draft policy document published Friday, the Luxembourg-based bank proposes to “phase out support to energy projects reliant on fossil fuels” while ramping up its support for renewable energy.
“Once in effect, this means that the bank will have a clear position not to support upstream oil or gas production, coal mining, infrastructure dedicated to coal, oil and natural gas, and power generation or heat production from fossil fuel sources,” according to the draft posted on the bank’s website.
“As a result, all the bank’s activities in the energy sector will be fully aligned with the Paris Agreement,” it adds, referring to the 2015 international accord that aims to keep global temperatures from rising more than 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) by the end of the century compared with pre-industrial times.
The plan is on track to be put to the bank’s governors for approval in September.
The EIB, which is owned by the EU’s 28 member states, loaned 55.6 billion euros ($61.93 billion) in 2018.
It isn’t the first financial institution to consider shifting its money away from industries deemed responsible for a large share of man-made greenhouse gas emissions.
Earlier this year, Norway’s $1 trillion sovereign wealth fund announced plans to dump shares in some oil and gas companies.
The move was hailed by environmental activists, but the Norwegian government, which oversees the fund, said its motivation was to protect the country’s wealth, derived largely from its oil and gas industry, from a sharp drop in fuel prices.
Former World Bank chief economist Nicholas Stern said shifting the EIB’s investments toward clean energy would likely make “excellent returns while fostering real progress in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution.”
Stern, who chairs the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment at the London School of Economics, said other financial institutions should consider following the EIB’s lead “for sound investment in a sustainable future.”